Fruits and vegetables provide us energy and important nutrients. It is not important just for people, but for our four-legged loved ones too. In last years, dog owners have been putting more effort into choosing what to feed their pets. Not the quantity, but the quality is even more important for our dogs so as for us.
Adequate exercise and well-chosen nutrition result to fit and healthy dog. The classic point of view – dog eats meat and bones should be reconsidered. Vitamins and mineral contained in plants are very important too.
Fruits and vegetables are heavy in antioxidants, which are beneficial for our dogs so as for us. Antioxidants effectively slow the dreaded aging process by battling free radicals floating around in our bodies. This prevents cell damage that can lead to inflammation, diabetes, many cancers, arthritis, and other autoimmune diseases.
Veggie foot can be eaten by your dog in raw so as cooked.
There exists a general rule – raw foot that man can eat, also dog can eat.
It is valid also other way around. For example, potatoes or rice should be cooked before the eating. But pieces of raw fruits are perfect snack.
Dogs need vitamins – but be careful!
One thing is for sure: your dog will tolerate the food you select, such as fruits and vegetables. But if there is certain kind that he does not like or tolerate, make sure you will exclude it from his menu. Even various sorts of particular fruits and vegetables can be digested differently.
You know your dog the best and you have to find out what is good for him and what´s not. It is up to you how you feed your four-legged friend.
Our tip: Pay attention to whether the dog has any unwanted or unusual signs or difficulties (flatulence, cough, sneeze, splutter, etc.) any time after you give him selected fruit or vegetable.
It should be mentioned that raw food tends to disturb the digestion, while cooked tends to be digested easier. In general, if your dog is healthy, raw foot should not be any problem to process. Eventually, you can prepare your dog raw mash.
Cooked carrots have the constipation effect, so your pet can be fed during mild diarrhoea. In severe cases of diarrhoea, it is also recommended to stop serve raw plant foot and replace it with cooked poultry meat.
It is very important to add a source of fat each time you feed your dog with the vegetables or fruits. This can be, for example, a tablespoon of oil as well as a bit of cottage cheese, yoghurt or an egg.
Not everything what is considered as a part of a healthy diet must be healthy for your dog too. Avocado, herbs, garlic and onion are just a few foods that animals like dogs should not dine on, or eat just in very small volumes.
Which fruit can dogs eat?
Fruit makes up one third of the vegetation’s share. It provides, similar to the vegetables, important vitamins and fibre. Diversity is the most important thing in fruit-feeding. You do not have to set any limits when it comes to fruit: most of the fruit that man eats also suits the little four-legged friend.
The dog may eat the following types of fruit: apple, pineapple, apricot, banana, pear, popular berry varieties, fig, cherries …
Mind the fruit seeds!
Note, that the fruit should always be served without fruit seeds. Kernels and seeds main contain various toxins (cyanide, amygdalin, prunasin, etc.).
Cyanides are produced by certain bacteria, fungi, and algae and are found in a number of plants. Organic cyanides are usually called nitriles. In nitriles, the CN group is linked by a covalent bond to carbon. Cyanide can be found in apricot seeds, peach, various cherries, nectarines or in a type of potato called cassava and almonds.
Amygdalin is famous for falsely being promoted as a cancer cure. Eating amygdalin will cause it to release cyanide in the body, and may lead to cyanide poisoning. Amygdalin is found in several plant sources, particularly in the pits of apples, pears, and members of the Prunus species (apricots, plums, peaches, etc.).
According scientific research, prunasin is the hydrolysis product of d-mandelonitrile-beta-d-glucoside. Prunus species include apricot, bitter almond, peach, P. serotina (black or wild cherry).
General symptoms of poisoning include scratching the throat, salivation, nausea, palpitations, dizziness, increased body temperature, even seizures or collapse.
Pips, seeds and kernels are also dangerous because of choking. If they are swallowed, it can lead to intestinal obstruction.
Can dogs eat apples?
An apple contains about 300 bio-substances, e.g. tannin, pectin, essential oils, vitamins C, B, potassium, calcium and more. It is definitely beneficial for your dog.
Apples can reduce various inflammations.
Mind, that apple skin tends to give dogs an upset stomach because it is more difficult to digest. Also if you serve apples from supermarket, make sure they are properly washed or their skin is peeled, because it can contain preservatives.
Can dogs eat pears?
In single pear is many different vitamins (mostly B1, B2, C, E), many minerals and trace elements, especially magnesium, zinc, calcium, etc. Also contains a lot of fructose. This is an ideal energizer for active dogs.
Pear contain many health benefits, including cancer prevention, digestive health support, or reduced inflammation. To eliminate the chance of cyanide poisoning, choking, or diarrhoea, simply skin the pear, and remove the seeds before you give it to your dog.
Can dogs eat blackberry?
Blackberries have a diuretic effect, purify the blood and lower blood sugar. They are rich in potassium, magnesium and copper. They help in the treatment of gingivitis.
According to the veterinary practice about 18% of all dogs with urinary problems, are estimated to suffer from urinary stones. Sour berry – blackberry or cowberry can help prevent the risk of urinary calcification.
Can dogs eat plums?
Pip fruits such as cherries, plums, apricots or peaches contain in their nuclei the toxins amygdalin and prunasin, which split off in the organism hydrocyanic acid, which leads to a blockage of cellular respiration. Poisoning can occur if the animal cracks these seeds while eating. Therefore, they should always feed dogs only with fruit without seeds.
In addition to carotene and vitamins B1 and BB, plums also contain a lot of iron, copper, zinc, potassium, etc. They stimulate digestion and facilitate the removal of slag and poisons from the dog guts. Plums reduce fever and also promote salivation.
Can dogs eat apricot and peach?
Apricots contain many minerals and trace elements, such as potassium and iron. They act as diuretic and promote digestion.
Peaches have plenty of A, B, and C vitamins, potassium, and magnesium in them. They cleanse the blood and kidneys and drain the body accordingly.
Can dogs eat exotic fruits?
Such fruits are pure vitamin bombs for dogs, as they contain a lot of vitamin C and folic acid. They protect the immune system of the dog and often fight against pathogens.
Folic acid regulates cell division and growth of cells.
Before you give your dog an exotic fruit, you should wash it properly, because of the harmful substances and preservatives used during transport.
Which vegetables can dogs eat?
Vegetable as a snack is a good supplement to the dog menu. The vitamins, fiber and carbohydrates are beneficial for dog body and metabolism. Vegetables should be given fresh and unseasoned from time to time.
Great vegetables include carrots, broccoli, zucchini, pumpkin, beans and lentils, potatoes, etc.
Can dogs eat lentils and beans?
Beans are safe for dogs. They should, however, be cooked before consumption. They contain antioxidants and can stop and prevent the constipation. On the opposite side, with too many beans, the dog can get diarrhoea.
Lentils give good proteins to the organism. In a vegetarians wold, it is essential ingredient in daily menu. Nevertheless, in dog world, they are never a substitute for meat. Lentils also have lots of potassium, carbohydrates, calcium, vitamin C …
Be aware, that uncooked lentils are poisonous to the dog.
So again – beans and so many lentils are beneficial to dogs, so far as we give controlled and cooked amount.
Can dogs eat potatoes?
Potatoes should be definitely cooked, but never fried (such as Chips). They are great source of fibre, vitamins as well as minerals. Dog should eat boiled potatoes without shell.
Give a preference to sweet potatoes – batatas, that contain more proteins than the classic potatoes.
In some cases, dogs do not tolerate the specific potato sorts, for example new potatoes in early summer. After consumption, they may react with diarrhoea. Therefore after feeding you dog with new sorts, or after long time again with potatoes, observe his body reaction next few hours and day.
Can dogs eat garlic?
Garlic is toxic in a certain dose. The following applies: 1.25 ml per kilogram of body weight are hazardous to health. It does not matter if garlic is fresh, dried, powdered or pre-cooked.
You have to be careful here, because according to a study – a higher amount can cause various health problems such as shortness of breath, vomiting, or pulse rate increase.
Smaller amount presented as a flavouring in a portion, that you would eat too has only benefits. If your dog has no digesting problems, it can reduce the high blood pressure. You can also give garlic to your dog to prevent parasites like fleas and worms.
Can dogs eat celery?
Celery is dehydrating and therefore diuretic, as well as purifying and coughing. It has essential oils, iron, calcium, provitamin A, vitamins C and E, etc. It also has a strengthening effect.
Celery, however, has a specific odour that might not be popular with a lot of dogs. But if that is not the case for your dog, feel free to give it to him!
Can dogs eat hazelnuts?
These nuts can be given to your dog in general:
- Brazil nuts
Hazelnuts tolerate your pet very well, although they contain about 60% fat. In addition, they consist of 14% protein and contain a lot of calcium, potassium and vitamins.
Always choose natural varieties, never salted or roasted.
Never give these nuts to your dog in general:
- macadamia nuts
According to german Vetzentrum, even a pair of macadamia nuts is sufficient to cause poisoning, which might lead to vomiting, fever, muscle twitching and paralysis.
If your dog suffers from a (possibly unrecognized) kidney or heart failure, peanuts can damage his health.
Nuts (especially peanut) are also considered an allergy triggers.
Meat is the best, but meatless dog food is also important!
Whether dogs now need the many veggie food or not, there are different views.
It definitely has a positive effect on the dog’s health and a well-balanced dog menu prevents many dog diseases. Both these facts have been scientifically proven.
In a 2005 study, it has been proven that especially green-leafed and orange vegetables and fruits given to the dog 3 times a week for feeding can dramatically reduce the risk of cancer.
Vegetables and fruits store vital water, bind toxins and regulate digestion. In addition, there are many vitamins present, which are healthy and important for our four-legged friends.
They contain important fatty acids, carbohydrates, antioxidants, enzymes and minerals.
Even if you feed your dog with quality dog food, the extra addition of salutary vegetables and fruits can have a crucial impact on your pet’s health and life length.